Stimulasi Kesantunan Berbahasa Anak Usia Dini di PAUD Hauriyah Halum, Padang

  • Imam Muthie Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Yaswinda Yaswinda Universitas Negeri Padang
Keywords: language politeness, center, children

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe how the stimulation of early childhood language politeness in class B1 children at Hauriyah Halum PAUD Padang was carried out. This research is a descriptive approach with qualitative methods. The research was conducted from April 19 to May 19 2019. Researchers used teachers and parents as informants. The way to collect data that the researcher uses is observation, interview, and documentation, while the data analysis technique is done using data triangulation techniques. This study found that the development of children's language politeness in Hauriyah Halum PAUD was carried out through the application of donated duo baleh in accordance with Minangkabau culture and integrated in the learning process, the center. Every activity of developing language politeness is carried out through the process of habituation until it is finally embedded properly for the child. The center which is the focus of politeness-language research is the beam center, natural center, Islamic center, arts center and preparation center. The teacher carries out the development of language politeness by providing simulations through various types of activities in the classroom and outside the classroom. The teacher uses a variety of methods in implementing the development of children's language politeness, namely using, direct practice methods, demonstration methods, and methods of assigning assignments. Then it can be concluded from this study that the implementation of stimulation of speaking politeness in early childhood at PAUD Hauriyah Halum Padang has gone well in accordance with the principles of Minangkabau cultural politeness.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Asjuh, N. (2018). Politeness Strategies In Children Communication At Indonesian Religious Kindergarden. Proceedings of The 65th TEFLIN International Conference, Makasar: 12-14 Juli 2018, 55-62.
Atabik, A. & Burhanuddin, A. (2015). Prinsip dan metode Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Thufula, Vol. 3 (2), pp. 264-280. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/thufula.v3i2.4733
Barnawi & Wiyani, N.A. (2012). Format PAUD. Jakarta: Ar-Ruzzmedia.
Eliza, D. (2013). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kontekstual Learning (CTL) Berbasis Sentra Di Taman Kanak-Kanak. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan, Vol. 13 (2), pp. 93-106. Online: http://ejournal.unp.ac.id/index.php/pedagogi/article/view/4286.
Febriana, dkk. (2015). Peningkatan Perilaku Sopan Santun Melalui Cerita Fiksi Modern Pada Anak Kelompok B TK Islam Permata Hati Surakarta Tahun 2014/2015. Jurnal FKIP UNS, Vol. 3 (1), pp. 1-6. Online: https://jurnal.fkip.uns.ac.id/index.php/paud/article/view/6105.
Gunawan, F. (2013). Wujud Kesantunan Berbahasa Mahasiswa Terhadap Dosen di STAIN Kendari: Kajian Sosiopragmatik. Journal Arbitrer, Vol. 1 (1), pp. 8-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/ar.1.1.8-18.2013
Gunawan, I. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif: Teori Dan Praktik. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Hajerah & Syamsuardi. (2018). Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Pada Taman Kanak-Kanak Kota Makasar. Jurnal CARE, Vol. 5 (2), pp. 1-7. Online: http://e-journal.unipma.ac.id/index.php/JPAUD/article/view/3104.
Hamidah, Mimin. (2017)). Meningkatkan Nilai-Nilai Karakter Anak Usia Dini Melalui Penerapan Metode Proyek. Jurnal Tunas Siliwangi, Vol. 3 (1), pp. 21-37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22460/ts.v3i1p21-37.316.
Hammood, A. (2016). Approacher In Linguistic Politeness : A Critical Evaluation. International Journal Of Linguistic, Literature, And Culture, Vol. 3 (3), pp. 1-20. Online:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312154165_Approaches_In_Linguistic_Politeness_A_Critical_Evaluation.
Hartati, S. (2005). Perkembangan Belajar Pada Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: Depdiknas.
Kuntarto, Eko. (2016). Kesantunan Berbahasa Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Kecerdasan Majemuk. Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi, Vol. 16 (2), pp. 58-73. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v16i2.10
Mahyuddin dkk. (2018). Model pembelajaran berbahasa santun melalui CD pembelajaran interaktif di taman kanak kanak pariaman. Jurnal Yaa Bunayya Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Vol. 2 (2), pp. 49-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24853/yby.2.2.49-54
Marputri, Riska dkk. (2016). Meningkatkan kemampuan bahasa anak melalui kegiatan bercerita di PAUD Nurul Hidayah Aceh Besar. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Vol. 1 (1), pp. 86-92. Online: http://www.jim.unsyiah.ac.id/paud/article/view/424.
Mislikhah, St. (2014). Kesantunan berbahasa. Jurnal Ar-Ranirry, Vol. 1 (2), pp. 285-296. Online: http://journalarraniry.com/ojs/index.php/jar/article/download/18/1.
Munawaroh, H. dan Retyanto, B. D. (2016). Implementasi Pendekatan Saintifik Pada Pembelajaran Cinta Lingkungan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Di Kabupaten Wonosobo. Jurnal Al-Athfal, Vol. 2 (2), pp. 13-24. Online: http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/tarbiyah/index.php/alathfal/article/view/1264.
Nurjamilly. (2015). Kesantunan berbahasa Indonesia dalam lingkungan keluarga (Kajian Sosiopragmatik). Jurnal Humanika, Vol. 3 (15), pp. 1-18. Online: http://ojs.uho.ac.id/index.php/HUMANIKA/article/view/608.
Purwadi & Prasetiyawati, Dwi. D. H. (2016). Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran DI TK Terhadap Kreatifitas Anak Di Kota Semarang. Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Vol. 5 (1), pp. 1-17. Online: http://journal.upgris.ac.id/index.php/paudia/article/view/ 1171/1349.
Rahardi, Kunjana. (2005). Prakmatik Kesantunan Imperatif Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta : Erlangga.
Rahayu, Sri. (2017). Pengembangan Bahasa Pada Anak Usia Dini. Yogyakarta: Kalimedia.
Rahmat, P.S. (2009). Penelitian Kualitatif. Jurnal EQUILIBRIUM, Vol. 5 (9), pp. 1-8. Online: http://yusuf.staff.ub.ac.id/files/2012/11/Jurnal-Penelitian-Kualitatif.pdf.
Ramadani, R. (2016). Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berbicara Melalui Penggunaan Media Panggung Boneka Pada Kelompok A1 TK Madukismo. Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, Vol. 5 (2), pp. 808-816. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jpa.v5i2.12378
Room, R. (2013). Konsep Kesantunan Berbahasa Dalam Islam. Jurnal Adabiyah, Vol. 13 (2), pp. 223-234. Online: http://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/adabiyah/article/view/ 384.
Rosalina, A. (2011). Peningkatan Kemampuan Bahasa Anak Usia Dini Melalui Kegiatan Bermain. Jurnal PSYCHO IDEA, Tahun 9 (1), pp. 19-35. Online: http://jurnalnasional.ump.ac.id/index.php/PSYCHOIDEA/article/view/239/23.
Safitri, Y. (2017). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perkembangan bahasa di UPTD kesehatan Baserah tahun 2016. Jurnal Obsesi, Vol. 1 (2), pp. 148-155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v1i2.35.
Silawati, Endah. (2012). Stimulasi Guru Pada Pembelajaran Bahasa Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Cakrawala Dini, Vol. 3 (2), pp. 1-16. Online: http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/ cakrawaladini/article/view/10334/6386.
Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sujiono, Y.N. (2009). Konsep Dasar Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: PT Indeks.
Suryana, D. (2013). Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Teori dan Praktik Pembelajaran. Padang: UNP Press.
Susanto, A. (2017). Pendidikan anak usia dini (konsep dan teori). Jakarta: Bumi aksara.
Suyadi & Ulfah, M. (2013). Konsep Dasar PAUD. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Suyadi. (2014). Teori Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Umaroh, L. (2017). An Invertigation Of Young Childrens Politeness Principle. Proceedings of First English Language and Literature International Conference, Semarang: 2017. pp. 315-319. Online: https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/ELLIC/article/view/2500/2568.
Yuliani, B. (2016). Managemen Pendidikan Karakter PAUD Terpadu Aisyiyah Nur’Aini Nyampilan Yogyakarta. Jurnal Al-Athfal, Vol. 2 (1), pp. 91-104. Online:http://ejournal.uinsuka.ac.id/tarbiyah/index.php/alathfal/article/view/121.
Yulsyofriend. (2013). Pembelajaran Membaca Anak Usia Dini Berbasis Teknologi Informasi. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan, Vol. 13 (2), pp. 41-51. Online: http://ejournal.unp.ac.id/index.php/pedagogi/article/view/4280.
Published
2019-08-07